Green Shades On Wool





Of green shades there is an infinite variety, and these can be dyed in

several ways. Either a simple green dye-stuff may be used or mixtures

of blue and yellow dye-stuffs may be employed, this latter method

being extremely common. It is somewhat interesting to notice that,

notwithstanding the great prevalence of green in Nature, the dyer has

at his command no natural green dye-stuff, but must, if he prefers to

adopt natural dye-stuffs, use a mixture of blue and yellow dye-stuffs

to produce green shades. There are but few green colouring (p. 127)

matters derived from coal tar: Gambine, Dinitroso-resorcine, Alizarine

Green, Brilliant Green, Malachite Green, Azo Green, Fast Green,

Naphthol Green, Acid Green, Diamine Green, Benzo Green almost exhaust

the list. Compared with the numerous red and blue dyes which are

obtained from coal-tar products, green dyes are conspicuous by their

fewness. On the other hand, the dyer has in the blue and yellow dyes

from coal tar a means of producing any tint or shade of green he may

require.



Members of all the classes of basic, direct, acid, azo and mordant

dyes, can be found among the dye-stuffs which can be used in dyeing

green, and the methods and principles of their application have been

fully described in previous pages. The following recipes contain all

the practical information that is needed:--



#With Direct Dyes.# Dark Green.--The dye-bath is made with 1 lb. Titan

Blue 3 B, 1 lb. Titan Yellow Y, 2 lb. salt, and 1/2 lb. acetic acid.



Bright Green.--Prepare a dye-bath with 1 lb. Titan Yellow G, 1 lb.

Titan Blue 3 B, 20 lb. salt, and 1/2 lb. acetic acid, working at the

boil for one hour.



Dark Green.--Make a dye-bath with 4 lb. Acid Blue 4 S, 2 lb. Titan

Yellow Y, and 5 lb. acetate of ammonia, working at the boil to shade.



Blue Green.--Make the dye-bath with 6 lb. Acid Blue 4 S, 2-1/2 lb.

Titan Yellow Y, and 5 lb. acetate of ammonia, working at the boil to

shade.



Bottle Green.--The dye-bath is made with 5 lb. Acid Blue 4 S,

2-1/2 lb. Titan Yellow Y, and 5 lb. acetate of ammonia, working at the

boil to shade. The greens shown in the last three recipes are of a

very satisfactory character, and show how, by the use of acetate of

ammonia in the dye-bath, the direct dyeing Titan colours can be

combined with acid colours.



Green.--Make the dye-bath with 5 lb. Glauber's salt, 5 lb. (p. 128)

acetate of ammonia, 2 lb. Sulphon Cyanine, and 1-1/2 lb. Chrysophenine.



Dark Green.--The dye-bath is made with 2 lb. Sulphon Cyanine,

3/4 lb. Chrysophenine, 5 lb. Glauber's salt, and 5 lb. acetate of

ammonia.



Pale Russian Green.--Make the dye-bath with 1/2 lb. Sulphon Cyanine,

2-1/2 oz. Chrysophenine, and 10 lb. Glauber's salt.



The last three shades have the merit of being fast to milling, and

fairly so to light.



Olive.--Make a dye-bath with 1 lb. Nyanza Black B, 1 lb. Chrysamine,

and 20 lb. Glauber's salt. Work at the boil to shade, lift, wash and

dry.



#With Acid Dyes.# Blue Green.--Make a dye-bath with 10 lb. Glauber's

salt, 2 lb. sulphuric acid, 2 lb. Patent Blue N, and 1 lb. Azo Yellow,

working at the boil.



Sage Green.--The dye-bath is made with 10 lb. Glauber's salt, 2 lb.

sulphuric acid, 2 lb. Azo Yellow, and 1 lb. Patent Blue N, working at

the boil.



Olive Green.--Make the dye-bath with 3 lb. Naphthol Green B, 10 lb.

Glauber's salt, 15 lb. bisulphate of soda, and 1 lb. copperas, working

at the boil to shade.



Bright Green.--Make the dye-bath with 10 lb. Glauber's salt, 5 lb.

bisulphate of soda, and 1-1/2 lb. Acid Green B, working at the boil to

shade.



Emerald Green.--The dye-bath is made with 1/2 lb. Acid Green B,

10 lb. Glauber's salt, and 2 lb. sulphuric acid. The wool might also

be previously mordanted with 15 lb. hyposulphite of soda, and 5 lb.

sulphuric acid at the boil for one and a half hours, when it will give

a bright shade of emerald green.



Grass Green.--Dye a medium indigo bottom on the wool from the vat,

then dye in a bath with 1 lb. Milling Yellow O, 5 lb. Glauber's salt,

and 5 lb. bisulphate of soda; lift, wash and dry.



The last recipe shows the use of the indigo vat in giving the blue (p. 129)

constituent in dyeing greens and other compound colours on wool. This,

while being a very effective method of dyeing, yet necessitates two

operations which add very materially to the cost of dyeing such

shades, hence it is not used for dyeing low class woollen fabrics, but

for better class goods it is frequently adopted, fast colours being

thus obtained.



In thus using the indigo vat as a bottom dye regard to the properties

of indigo must be paid in carrying out any subsequent dyeing

operation, so that the indigo on the fibre be not destroyed. As a

rule, the indigo will resist any ordinary baths made with Glauber's

salt, acetate of ammonia, sulphuric or acetic acids, but it will not

resist mordanting operations with bichromate of potash, for the latter

salt destroys the indigo. Fluoride of chrome, chrome acetate, or alum,

may be used as mordants if necessary.



Pale Sea Green.--The dye-bath contains 1 oz. Cyanine B, 1 oz. Azo

Yellow, 5 lb. Glauber's salt, and 1 lb. sulphuric acid.



Moss Green.--The dye-bath is made with 1/2 oz. Chromotrop 2 R, 2 oz.

Cyanine B, 4 oz. Fast Acid Blue R, 3-1/4 oz. Azo Yellow, 5 lb. acetic

acid, and 10 lb. Glauber's salt.



Deep Moss Green.--Prepare the dye-bath with 4-1/2 oz. Cyanine B,

9 oz. Fast Acid Blue R, 4-1/2 oz. Azo yellow, 1/2 oz. Chromotrop 2 R,

5 lb. acetic acid, and 10 lb. Glauber's salt.



Blue Green.--A very fine shade of blue green is dyed with 9-1/2 oz.

Cyanine B, 1-1/4 lb. Fast Acid Blue R, 4 oz. Azo Yellow, 5 lb. acetic

acid, and 10 lb. Glauber's salt.



Emerald Green.--A pale, but brilliant shade of green is dyed with

1-1/4 oz. Patent Blue V, 4-1/4 oz. Azo Yellow, 10 lb. Glauber's salt,

and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Bright Leaf Green.--Dye in a bath with 13 oz. Victoria Yellow, (p. 130)

1/2 lb. Patent Blue V, 1/2 oz. Chromotrop 2 R, 10 lb. Glauber's

salt, and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Deep Leaf Green.--The dye-bath is made with 22 oz. Cyanine B, 1 lb.

Azo Yellow, 2-1/2 oz. Chromotrop 2 R, 10 lb. Glauber's salt, and 2 lb.

sulphuric acid.



Bright Peacock Green.--The dye-bath is made with 5 oz. Chromotrop

6 B, 4 oz. Patent Blue V, 7 oz. Azo Yellow, 10 lb. Glauber's salt, and

2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Dark Beige Green.--Make the dye-bath with 1/2 lb. Fast Green Bluish,

6 oz. Fast Yellow F Y, 4-1/2 oz. Azo Fuchsine G, 10 lb. Glauber's salt

and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Invisible Green.--Make the dye-bath with 1-1/2 lb. Fast Green

Bluish, 1-1/4 lb. Fast Yellow F Y, 1 lb. Azo Fuchsine G, 10 lb.

Glauber's salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Pale Sage Green.--Make the dye-bath with 1 lb. Azo Acid Brown,

1/2 lb. Fast Acid Violet 10 B, 10 lb. Glauber's salt and 2 lb.

sulphuric acid.



Bright Grass Green.--Make a dye-bath with 10 lb. Glauber's salt,

2 lb. sulphuric acid, 3/4 lb. Phenoflavine, 3/4 lb. Azo Carmine B, and

5-3/4 lb. extract of indigo.



Moss Green.--Prepare a dye-bath with 1 lb. Azo Acid Brown, 1/4 lb.

Fast Acid Violet 10 B, 10 lb. Glauber's salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Dark Sage Green.--Make the dye-bath with 3 lb. Azo Acid Brown,

1/2 lb. Fast Acid Violet 10 B, 10 lb. Glauber's salt and 2 lb.

sulphuric acid.



Emerald Green.--A fine shade of emerald green can be dyed in a bath

which is made from 1/2 lb. Fast Green Bluish, 1 lb. Fast Yellow F Y,

1 lb. Acid Violet 6 B, 10 lb. Glauber's salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.



Bottle Green.--Make a dye-bath with 1-1/2 lb. Victoria Violet 8 B S,

3/4 lb. Victoria Yellow, 2 oz. Naphthol Yellow S, 1 oz. Fast Acid

Violet R, 1/2 oz. Cyanine B, 10 lb. Glauber's salt and 2 lb. sulphuric

acid. Work for one hour at the boil, then lift; add 3 lb. fluoride (p. 131)

of chrome, re-enter the wool, and work for half an hour at the boil.



Pale Pea Green.--A fine bright shade is dyed in a bath containing

1-1/2 oz. Cyanole, 3/4 oz. Naphthol Yellow and 10 lb. bisulphate of

soda. By increasing the quantity of dye-stuff in proportion to the

material, fine deep shades of green can be dyed.



Deep Electric Green.--Make the dye-bath with 2 lb. Cyanole, 1 lb.

Indian Yellow G and 10 lb. bisulphate of soda, working at the boil for

one hour; then lift, wash and dry.



#With Mordant Dyes.# Green.--Mordant with 10 lb. alum, 1 lb.

bichromate of potash and 16 lb. tartar. Dye with 10 lb. indigo

extract, 2 lb. fustic extract and 3 lb. alum, working at the boil;

lift, wash and dry.



Dark Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash, 8 lb. alum and

3 lb. tartar. Dye with 10 lb. extract of indigo, 2 lb. extract of

fustic and 3 lb. alum, working at the boil.



Sea Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb.

tartar at the boil for one and a half hours. Dye with 1-1/4 lb.

Alizarine Blue D N W, 3-3/4 lb. Alizarine Yellow and 5 oz. Alizarine

Brown, at the boil for two hours.



Bronze Green.--Make a dye-bath with 2 lb. Cyanole extra, 2 lb.

Tropeoline O, 1 lb. Archil Substitute N and 10 lb. bisulphate of soda,

working at the boil to shade.



Green.--A very fine shade of green is dyed as follows: Mordant with

3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb. tartar. Dye with 4 lb.

Alizarine Blue D N W, 1-1/2 lb. Patent Blue A and 2-3/4 lb. Alizarine

Yellow.



Blue Green.--Mordant as in the last recipe. Dye with 6 lb. Alizarine

Blue D N W, 1-1/2 lb. Patent Blue A, and 1-1/4 lb. Alizarine Yellow

G G W.



Bright Pale Sage Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and

2 lb. sulphuric acid. Dye with 5 lb. Alizarine Yellow G G W, (p. 132)

3/4 lb. Alizarine Brown and 1-1/4 lb. Alizarine Blue D N W.



Deep Sage Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and

2-1/2 lb. tartar. Dye with 4 lb. Alizarine Yellow G G W, 3-1/4 lb.

Anthracene Brown and 2-1/4 lb. Alizarine Blue D N W.



Pale Sea Green.--Mordant with 2 lb. bichromate of potash and

1-1/2 lb. tartar. Dye with 1 lb. Coeruleine B.



Bottle Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb.

tartar. Dye with 20 lb. Coeruleine S W.



Slate Green.--Mordant with 2 lb. bichromate of potash and 1-1/2 lb.

tartar. Dye with 3 lb. Alizarine Green S.



Invisible Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and

2-1/2 lb. tartar. Dye with 17-1/2 lb. Alizarine Green S.



Peacock Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and

2-1/2 lb. tartar. Dye with 8 lb. Alizarine Green S.



Dark Bottle Green.--Mordant with 4 lb. bichromate of potash and

3 lb. tartar. Dye with 15 lb. Anthracene Blue W G, and 1-1/2 lb.

Mordant Yellow.



Invisible Green.--Mordant with 3-1/2 lb. bichromate of potash and

2-1/2 lb. tartar, working at the boil for one and a half hours. Dye

with 20 lb. Alizarine Green S W, and 1 lb. acetic acid.



Sage Green.--Give a medium indigo ground to the wool in a vat, then

dye for one hour at the boil in a vat containing 1/2 lb. Anthracite

Black B, 2 lb. Anthracene Yellow C, 2 oz. Diamine Fast Red F, and

5 lb. acetate of ammonia; then lift, add 3 lb. fluoride of chrome,

re-enter into the dye-bath and work half an hour longer at the boil;

lift, wash and dry.



Peacock Green.--Give a medium indigo bottom on the vat, then dye for

one hour at the boil in a dye-bath made with 1/2 lb. Anthracene

Yellow C, 2 oz. Diamine Fast Red F, and 5 lb. acetic acid; then lift,

add 3 lb. fluoride of chrome, work for half an hour longer at the

boil, then lift, wash and dry.



Bottle Green.--Mordant by boiling in a bath of 3 lb. copperas (p. 133)

and 1 lb. oxalic acid. Dye in a bath with 15 lb. Gambine R.



Light Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. copperas and 1 lb. oxalic acid. Dye

with 2-1/2 lb. Gambine Y.



Medium Green.--Mordant as in the last dye with 10 lb. Gambine Y.



Deep Grass Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and

2-1/2 lb. tartar. Dye with 9 lb. Coerulein and 1-3/4 lb.

Galloflavine.



Bright Grass Green.--Mordant with 4 lb. copperas and 1 lb. oxalic

acid. Dye with 5 lb. Gambine Y, 1/2 lb. Yellow N, and 2 lb. bisulphate

of soda.



Shades dyed with Gambine are very fast to milling and light.



Pale Sage Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 1 lb.

tartar. Dye with 1/2 lb. Milling Yellow O, 2 lb. Alizarine Black S W,

and 2 lb. acetic acid.



Medium Green.--Mordant with 2-1/2 lb. bichromate of potash and

1-1/2 lb. oxalic acid. Dye with 1-1/2 lb. Diamond Yellow B, 3-1/2 lb.

Brilliant Alizarine Blue G, and 1 lb. acetic acid.



Invisible Bronze Green.--Give a medium bottom on the indigo vat and

then mordant with 3 lb. fluoride of chrome and 2 lb. tartar. Finally

dye with 3 lb. Alizarine Bordeaux S, and 4 lb. Diamond Flavine,

working at the boil for two hours.



Pale Slate Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and

2-1/2 lb. tartar, and then dye with 1 lb. Alizarine Blue D N W,

Alizarine Yellow and 5 oz. Alizarine Brown.



Light Green.--Mordant in the usual way with 2-1/2 lb. bichromate of

potash and 2 lb. tartar. Dye with 1 lb. Methylene Blue and 1 lb.

fustic extract, working at the boil.



Fast Green.--Mordant with 8 lb. alum, 2 lb. bichromate of potash,

2 lb. sulphuric acid and 3/4 lb. tin salt. Dye with 20 lb. indigo (p. 134)

extract and 10 oz. fustic extract, working at the boil for one and a

half hours.



Bottle Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb.

tartar. Dye with 4 lb. extract of fustic, 1 lb. extract of logwood,

and 2 oz. Anthracene Red. Work for one and a half hours, then add

3/4 lb. copperas, and work for half an hour longer.



Dark Green.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb.

tartar. Dye with 1-1/2 lb. Methylene Blue, 1-1/2 lb. extract of

logwood, and 4 lb. extract of fustic, working at the boil for two

hours.



Olive.--Prepare a dye-bath with 1-1/2 lb. Yellow N, 1/4 lb. Archil

Substitute, 4 lb. extract of indigo, 10 lb. Glauber's salt, 2 lb.

sulphuric acid, and 2 lb. alum, working at the boil to shade.



Bright Green.--Prepare a dye-bath containing 8 oz. Acid Green Extra

and 10 per cent. bisulphate of soda. Enter at 130 deg. F., raise to the

boil, boil for three-quarters of an hour, and rinse.



Bluish Green.--Prepare a dye-bath containing 8 oz. Fast Acid Green

B N and 10 lb. bisulphate of soda. Enter at 130 deg. F., raise to the

boil, boil for three-quarters of an hour, and rinse.



Bluish Green.--Prepare a dye-bath containing 8 oz. Cyanole Green 6 G

and 10 lb. bisulphate of soda. Enter at 130 deg. F., raise to the boil,

boil for three-quarters of an hour, and rinse.



Turquoise Green.--Prepare a dye-bath containing 8 oz. Cyanole

Green B and 10 lb. bisulphate of soda. Enter at 130 deg. F., raise to the

boil, boil for three-quarters of an hour, and rinse.



Slate Green.--Mordant the wool by boiling for one and a half (p. 135)

hours in a bath containing 3 lb. bichromate of potash, 1-1/4 lb.

Copper sulphate and 2-1/4 lb. tartar; then rinse well, and dye in a

bath containing 2-1/2 lb. Logwood Extract (dry), 1-1/4 lb. Fustic

Extract (dry), and 3 lb. Sumac. Enter the goods in a warm bath, work

for half an hour, then raise to the boil and work for three-quarters

of an hour; lift, and sadden by adding 6 oz. Copperas. After

re-entering the goods, work to shade.



Olive.--Boil two hours in a bath consisting of 1-1/2 lb. tin salt,

2-1/2 lb. bichromate of potash, 10 lb. alum and 2-1/2 lb. sulphuric

acid. Then enter in a boiling dye-bath containing 1-1/2 lb. alum,

4 lb. fustic extract and 3-1/2 lb. indigo extract.



Fulling Fast Olive.--For one hour upon a bath containing 50 lb.

Fustic, 5 lb. Bluestone, 2 lb. Tartar, 4 lb. Sumac, 1 lb. Copperas;

lift and wash.



Fast Bright Olive.--Boil for one hour upon a bath of 50 lb. Fustic,

3 lb. Bluestone, 2 lb. tartar, 1 lb. copperas, 2 oz. indigo extract.



Yellow Olive.--Prepare a bath containing 10 lb. Glauber's salt,

1-1/2 lb. Anthracene Yellow B N, 2 lb. extract of indigo, 3 oz. Orange

E N Z, 4 lb. sulphuric acid. Enter yarn at 160 deg. F., give three turns,

raise the temperature slowly to the boil, turn to shade; lift, and

wash.



Olive Green.--Mordant with 2 lb. potash bichromate, 1-1/2 lb.

sulphate of copper, 1/2 lb. sulphuric acid. Boil for an hour and a

half. Dye in a bath with 8 lb. Fustic extract, 5 lb. Sumac, 5 lb.

Logwood, at the boil for an hour and a half.



Olive Bronze.--Make the dye-bath with 10 oz. Fast Yellow S, 5 lb.

Indigo extract, 5 oz. Orange E N Z, 4 lb. sulphuric acid, 10 lb.

Glauber's salt. Enter yarn at 140 deg. F., work for a few minutes, then

bring slowly to the boil and work to shade.



Emerald Green.--Prepare the dye-bath with 1 lb. Acid Green B N, (p. 136)

2 oz. Naphthol Yellow S, 10 lb. Glauber's salt, 2 lb. sulphuric

acid. Enter cold, then raise to the boil and work for a quarter of an

hour; wash and dry.



Invisible Green.--First mordant the wool in a bath containing 3 lb.

bichromate of potash, 1-1/2 lb. copper sulphate, 1 lb. sulphuric acid.

Work at the boil for one and a half hours, then dye in a fresh bath

containing 2 lb. Milling Yellow O, 2 lb. Logwood extract, 20 lb.

Glauber's salt. Work at the boil for one and a half hours, then lift,

wash and dry.



Sea Green.--Prepare a dye-bath with 5 lb. Glauber's salt, 2 lb.

sulphuric acid, 2 lb. indigo extract, 1/2 per cent. Acid Green blue

shade. Dye as usual.



Cyprus Green B, and Cyprus Blue B, belong to a new group of dyes that

owe their value in wool dyeing to the fact that the dyeings after

being treated with copper sulphate become very fast to light and

washing. Three per cent. of each gives very full shades of bluish

green or dark blue. The dyeing is done with Glauber's salt and acetic

acid when reddish shades are got; these in a bath of copper sulphate

turn green or blue.





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