To Wash Wool





In a bath containing 10 gallons of warm water add 4 fluid ounces of

ammonia fort, .880, 1 lb. soda, and 2 oz. soft soap, (potash soap).

Stir well until all is dissolved. Dip the wool in and leave for 2

minutes, then squeeze gently and wash in warm water until quite clear.



Or to 10 gallons of water add 6 oz. ammonia and 3 oz. soft soap. The

water should never be above 140 deg.F. and all the washing water should

be of about the same temperature.



Fleece may be washed in the same way, but great care should be taken

not to felt the wool--the less squeezing the better.



There are four principal methods of dyeing wool.



1st.--The wool is boiled first with the mordant and then in a fresh

bath with the dye.



2nd.--The wool is boiled first with the dye, and when it has absorbed

as much of the colour as possible the mordant is added to the same

bath, thus fixing the colour.



A separate bath can be used for each of these processes, in which case

each bath can be replenished and used again for a fresh lot of wool.



3rd.--The wool is boiled with the mordant and dye in the same bath

together. The colour, as a rule, is not so fast and good as with a

separate bath, though with some dyes a brighter colour is obtained.



4th.--The wool is mordanted, then dyed, then mordanted again. This

method is adopted to ensure an extremely fast colour. The mordant

should be used rather sparingly.





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