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Brown Shades On Wool






Brown is a very important colour, of which there is an infinite
variety of shades and it can be dyed in a great variety of ways and
from a variety of dye-stuffs, as will be seen on looking through the
recipes which follow, although these do not by any means exhaust the
methods by which browns may be dyed on woollen goods, but they may be
taken as representative and will serve to show by what combinations of
dyes various tints of browns may be obtained.

#With Direct Dyes.# Brown.--Make the dye-bath with 1 lb. Nyanza
Black B, 2 lb. Congo Brown R, and 20 lb. Glauber's salt, working at
the boil for one hour; then lift, wash and dry.

#With Acid Dyes.# Yellow Brown.--Make the dye-bath with 1 lb. Azo
Carmine, 1 lb. Fast Yellow, 1 lb. Indigo Carmine D, 10 lb. Glauber's
salt, and 2 lb. sulphuric acid. A good shade is thus obtained.

Olive Brown.--Use 3/4 lb. Azo Acid Violet 4 R, 2 lb. Fast (p. 162)
Yellow, 3 oz. Fast Green bluish, 10 lb. Glauber's salt, and 2 lb.
sulphuric acid, working at the boil for one hour; then lift, wash and
dry.

Dark Chestnut.--Dye in a bath containing 6-1/2 oz. Patent Blue V,
3-1/4 oz. Acid Violet V, 1 lb. Azo Yellow, 2 lb. Orange No. 2, 10 lb.
Glauber's salt, and 2 lb. sulphuric acid, working at the boil for one
hour; then lift, wash and dry.

Mouse.--Make the dye-bath with 4 oz. Patent Blue V, 1-2/3 oz. Acid
Violet N, 13 oz. Orange G, 10 lb. Glauber's salt, and 2 lb. sulphuric
acid.

Deep Seal.--Dye in a bath containing 1 lb. Orange G G, 1/2 lb.
Patent Blue J 3, 1/2 lb. Azo Yellow, 3-1/4 oz. Acid Violet N, 10 lb.
Glauber's salt, and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.

Deep Brown.--Make the dye-bath with 1-3/4 lb. Chromotrop 2 R,
1-1/4 lb. Victoria Yellow, 4 lb. Keton Blue G, 2-1/2 oz. Acid Violet
5 B E, 25 lb. Glauber's salt, and 4 lb. sulphuric acid, working at the
boil for one hour.

Walnut.--A fine shade can be dyed with 1-3/4 lb. Azo Acid Magenta G,
14-1/2 oz. Patent Blue V, 3/4 lb. Victoria Yellow, 15 lb. Glauber's
salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.

Olive Brown.--Make a dye-bath with 2 lb. sulphuric acid, 10 lb.
Glauber's salt, 1 lb. Azo Fuchsine G, 1/2 lb. Fast Yellow, and 1/2 lb.
Fast Green extra bluish.

Dark Olive Brown.--A very fine shade can be dyed with 1 lb. Fast
Acid Violet 10 B, 1-1/2 lb. Orange 11, 1/2 lb. Fast Green bluish,
7 oz. Fast Yellow, 20 lb. Glauber's salt, and 3 lb. sulphuric acid.

Walnut.--Use 1 lb. Cyanole, 1 lb. Orange extra, 1/2 lb. Archil
Substitute N, 10 lb. Glauber's salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid, working
at the boil for one hour.

Dark Seal.--Use 1 lb. Cyanole, 1 lb. Orange extra, 10 lb. Glauber's
salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.

Golden Brown.--A fine shade is dyed with 1-1/4 lb. Victoria (p. 163)
Yellow, 9-1/2 oz. Chromotrop 2 R, 3-1/2 oz. Patent Blue V, 10 lb.
Glauber's salt and 2 lb. sulphuric acid.

#With Mordant Dyes.# Golden Brown.--Make the dye-bath with 1 lb.
Diamine Fast Red F, 1-1/2 lb. Anthracene Yellow C, and 5 lb. acetate
of ammonia. Work for half an hour; then add 5 lb. bisulphate of soda
and work for half an hour longer, then add 3 lb. fluoride of chrome,
and work for half an hour at the boil.

Bright Golden Brown.--Use 3/4 lb. Diamine Fast Red F, 1-1/2 lb.
Anthracene Yellow C, 5 lb. bisulphate of soda, as indicated in the
last recipe. The shades so obtained are very fine, and have the merit
of being fast to washing and light.

Chestnut.--Give a medium indigo bottom in the vat, then dye in a
bath containing 1-3/4 lb. Anthracene Yellow C, 1 lb. Diamine Fast
Red F, and 5 lb. bisulphate of soda. Work again for half an hour, then
add 3 lb. fluoride of chrome, and work again for another half hour;
lift, wash and dry.

Dark Brown.--Use a dye-bath containing 1-1/4 lb. Diamine Fast Red F,
3/4 lb. Anthracene Yellow C, 1-1/2 lb. Anthracite Black B, and 5 lb.
acetate of ammonia. After half an hour's boiling, add 5 lb. bisulphate
of soda, work half an hour longer, add 3 lb. fluoride of chrome, and
work together another half hour; then lift, wash and dry.

Brown.--A very fine shade can be dyed in the following way: First
give a medium indigo bottom in the vat, then mordant in a bath
containing 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb. tartar, and
finally dye in a bath made from 1-1/2 lb. Alizarine Orange R, 4 lb.
Diamond Flavine, and 2 lb. acetic acid.

Dark Seal.--Give a medium indigo bottom in the vat, and Mordant with
3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb. tartar, and finally dye in a
bath containing 3-1/2 lb. Alizarine Orange R, 1 lb. Anthracene
Brown R, 2 lb. Diamond Flavine, and 2 lb. acetic acid.

Brown.--A full shade is dyed by first mordanting with 3 lb. (p. 164)
bichromate of potash and 2 lb. tartar, and then dyeing with 10 lb.
Anthracene Brown W, and 1 lb. Mordant Yellow.

Buff.--Mordant as in the last, and dye with 5 lb. Anthracene
Brown W, and 1/4 lb. Mordant Yellow O.

Nut.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 1 lb. oxalic acid,
and dye with 20 lb. Diamond Brown.

Pale Old Gold Brown.--Mordant as in the last, and dye with 5 lb.
Diamond Brown.

Dark Violet Brown.--Mordant as in the last recipes, and dye with
30 lb. Chrome Brown R.

Bright Chestnut.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 1 lb.
sulphuric acid, and dye with 30 lb. Gambine R.

Pale Chestnut.--Mordant as in the last recipes, and dye with 20 lb.
Gambine Y.

Olive Brown.--Mordant as in the last recipes, and dye with 10 lb.
Gambine B. The browns dyed with Gambine have the merit of being fast
to milling and light.

Dark Brown.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 2-1/2 lb.
tartar; then dye with 15 lb. Alizarine Brown.

Bright Buff.--Mordant as in the last recipe; then dye with 4-3/4 lb.
Alizarine Brown, 4 lb. Alizarine Yellow, 1-3/4 oz. Alizarine Blue
D N W, and 2 lb. acetic acid.

Dark Violet Brown.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and
2-1/2 lb. tartar. Then dye with 18 lb. Alizarine Brown, 6 lb.
Alizarine Orange H, and 2 lb. acetic acid.

Dark Walnut.--Mordant with 3 lb. bichromate of potash and 1 lb.
sulphuric acid; then dye with 8 lb. Alizarine Brown, 2 lb. Alizarine
Red 3 W S, and 2 lb. Alizarine Yellow G G W.





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